History of Son Servera

Overview of Son Servera

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Prehistory and the old history of Son Servera is documented within fourty two archaeological sites. From the pre-talaiotic period the following sites should be highlighted: Caves of Sa Font Gata, Es Rafal Baix and Ca s'Hereu.

From the talai˛tic period the talaiots des Puig, Pula and Ca s'Hereu are the most significant.

The Muslim occupation of Majorca can still be seen in the culture of farming and irrigation, in the agriculture in general, as well as in the names given to certain regions. In the countryside, the population was grouped in small hamlets (alqueries) and farms (possessions).

The territory of Son Servera, with the Islamic conquest, became part of the district Yartan (ArtÓ), along with Capdepera and Sant Llorenš.

The arrival of the troops of the king Jaime I to Majorca was in 1229. We know of the resistance of Muslims in the mountains of ArtÓ, which ended the following year, 1230. King Jaime I granted the Letter of Exemption of Majorca, which set out the rights of the inhabitants of the island. This document had long validity until the Decree of Nueva Planta on the eighteenth century.

After the conquest of the island, allotment of Mallorca was held. The territory was divided into large pieces of land. Jaime I was left with a important land which included: Inca, Pollenša, Sineu, Petra, ArtÓ, Montu´ri, the mountains, half of the s'Albufera marshes and half of Palma city. Jaime I offered part of the land to his allies. The origin of Son Servera is found in this fact.

Between the years 1250 and 1300, we find two large landowners in our region: the Ferri and the Cervera. Through a series of family alliances, the manor house of Binicanella passed from generation to generation until it was divided between two Servera brothers in 1474. Part of land was called Son Frai GarÝ, while the other was called Ca s'Hereu.

In the eighteenth century, Son Frai GarÝ was auctioned by the Council of Mallorca (Real Audiencia de Mallorca) and bought by the University of ArtÓ, while the possession of Ca s'Hereu was distributed as an inheritance to the children of Salvador Servera.

Son Servera did not have its own administration until the nineteenth century when it became independent of the town of ArtÓ. The article 310 of the Constitution of Cßdiz (year 1812), said that the municipalities with more than 1.000 inhabitants were to be formed in villages. It was like this that Son Servera became independent although it lost it two years later. The final independence from ArtÓ was in 1837.

In 1820, the bubonic plague swept through our town and reduced the population considerably. It also affected ArtÓ, Capdepera, Sant Llorenš and Manacor.

In the late nineteenth century we must emphasize the participation of the population of Son Servera (serverins) in the War for the Independence of Cuba and the Philippines.

During the twentieth century the economy of Son Servera has suffered a significant change. It was based on agriculture, livestock and to a lesser extent, fishing, and now it has become one of the tourist centers of the island.


 

 
 

Plaša de Sant Ignasi 1. 07550 Son Servera (Illes Balears)

Telephone: 971 567 002 | Fax: 971 568 101

ajuntament@sonservera.es - incidencies.portal@sonservera.es